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Ah, proof-checking isn't that difficult.

Bad news. Proof-checking is not that easy. Really.


Why not? Just put it through AI.

There are a number of reasons why using online apps are not the best idea, but I'll come to those later.

So explain.

Over the many years in Poland I have also turned my hand to proof-checking a few texts, all of them from texts that were originally translated from Polish to English. Many of them are reasonably straightforward, but I have come across many that frankly Google translator could do better.

What's wrong with AI?

There is also the fact that AI is now playing an increasing part of doing automatic translations, and to be fair some do a reasonable job; however, AI is not particularly creative and often opts to a style that can make it a bit dry, sterile even, lacking that true native speaker touch. The reality these days is that the translator will most likely take the easy route and just ran the text through AI.

So what do you do when it comes to proofing texts?

Let's say that you decide that your lovely translated piece of text into English should be to a standard that you feel is one that would be properly written as if it had been penned by a native speaker. Once I receive the text, particularly if it is from someone I have not worked with before, I look over it to assess whether it is indeed proofable (especially if, as I've mentioned above, it has been put through AI.)


And if you are happy with the possibility of proofing?

The next task is then to not only make the corrections, but also to correct and even rewrite texts. All this is necessary to ensure that the text is as close to the original in style, prose and spirit. It also must give the impression that it was, in fact, written by a human native speaker and not by an AI bot.


Do you use just use your own knowledge of English for proofing texts?

No. I should have to hand many dictionaries, thesauruses, even access to encyclopedias, even to any specialist material on the subject, particularly if you are dealing with factual texts; I have to check that the given translations of names and events would be the same as those given in any established English factual books.


And the job's done?

NO. When I've done the above, I have to go through the whole thing again - you would be surprised what you missed first time around! One tool that I find invaluable - and which can be found on the 365 version of Word - is a reader that is able to read back your texts aloud. (I use British English Balabolka.) It's amazing how much you miss if you don't use this, or even get somebody to actually read it back to you.


What if the author insists on some 'good writing rules' such as in grammar?

Obviously it is common sense that the grammar should reflect the tone of the text and the audience the text is aimed at, but what I will not accept is being held to long-held beliefs of mythical grammar rules such as 'no split infinitives' or 'not starting a new sentence with "and"'. Some examples of formal text do sometimes benefit from the above, but not to the degree that a text needs to exactly match the author's rules. And expectations.


So do you end up doing a lot of rewriting?

This is the biggest danger of proofing to the point it may become too removed from the author's intented message. With reference to the above, one of the most frequent problems I get with texts for proofing is the writing style. Often many texts I get for proofing are written to a certain style, which can be 1) The local language academic style or 2) an overly formal style. As an example, I frequently get texts full of short sentences because 'that's an example of good writing'. Not if it reads unnaturally, it doesn't. This is one area where AI could be found lacking.

So what is 'good writing'?

Good writing means what helps you to express your message in a way that communicates both clearly and persuasively, particularly to your intended audience. Register is very important. Academic writing is dull and depressing and not enjoyable to read. If I am presented a text that is overly formal in register, then I will either not take it on or rewrite it (and charge more) so it retains its formality but becomes enjoyable to read. And if your audience places that criteria above a set of narrow-minded grammar and register rules, you've won over half your battle. 

But if a particular phrase is ambiguous, then one can unintentionally change the grammar or vocabulary that inadvertently changes the meaning. If it clearly makes no sense at all, I will simply say so in the comments box.

In any rewriting, do you add anything that was not intended by the author but you feel would improve the text?

I have added extra material in order to 'spice up' the texts, but I do inform the author of what's been done as they have to agree to what is extra text that did not originate from them. In one of the books that I worked on, the journalist wrote a series of texts that were generally written in an informal and semi-humorous style, and there was one translation that provided the gift of some wordplay jokes which would not exist in the original language. I added these jokes and these were accepted.

Are there examples of proofing that can get lost from Polish to English?

Sometimes cultural references need to be changed: what is perfectly clear in the original language may leave English readers completely lost. Where possible, I'll try to find an English-speaking equivalent. There was one I was rather proud of, but in the end it was edited out for reasons of space: the author quoted lines from a popular Polish song about the joy of singing. English readers would have no idea of this song, so I chose something that English readers would understand, but keeping to the spirit of what the text was trying to say. (It was The Carpenters' 'Sing-a-Song'.) Anyway, those books have been published and you can find out a little more here.

Are there any texts you will not translate?

Overly academic texts on very narrow academic topics; these ideally need to go through a specialist. I would perhaps stay away from novels, but I will break my rules when it comes to fun poems. For example, there is a popular Polish children's poem called Okulary (The glasses), but the 'official' (there is no official, but there is one translation that seems to be accepted as gospel. Check Wikipedia) is, frankly, appalling. I went as far as even translating myself and then proofing it. I do have an ambition to translate all of popular Polish children's poet Julian Tuwim's rhymes - not only the challenge of rewriting but keeping to the timing, pace and spirit of the original. It would be a challenge I would relish.

Sounds good. Where can I contact you?

If you need some texts proofing that are written in English, then do contact me (click here). But as described in the previous paragraph, I draw the line at overly technical texts, specialised texts in specialist fields, or texts that look like they have been put through an online translator. But I believe my prices are reasonable!

Author, cartoonist, language instructor, English text proofing, and a definite sense of humour

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